The best of Portuguese fortified wines: the Port wine
Port Wine, also known as Vinho Do Porto in Portuguese, is a fortified wine made in Portugal more precisely, exclusively produced in the Douro Valley. Port Wine is a sweet wine, which is mostly taken as a dessert wine. However, there is also the dried and fluid edition of this wine and even if it is mostly found in red, there is a white version of this wine as well. Many other nations started to produce this type of wine but the most authentic quality of it can only be found in Portugal.
Grapes: The prime ingredient that makes it special
A key component of the Port Wine are the grapes used in it. These grapes are referred as the cast and typically there are five different varieties of grapes normally used: Tinta Barroca, Tinta Cao, Tinta Roriz/Tempranillo, Touriga Francesa and Touriga Nacional. Touriga Nacional is the most preferred grape in the production of this wine. However, due to production issues associated with the particular wine, Touriga Francesa is used in higher proportion.
The production method of both the red and white Port Wine is pretty much equivalent but the latter require different types of grapes such as Donzelinho Branco, Malvasia Fina, Rabigato, Viosinho, Folgasao.
The grapes used in both cases are small and quite thick and the taste is often quite durable. This is the reason why Port Wine is pretty safe to be consumed even some days after the bottle was opened. There should be no doubt about the quality of Port Wine made in Portugal as the Instituto do Vinho do Porto checks the grapes used for preparation do Vinho do Porto.
Taste and Production:
The taste is indeed pretty sweet. This wine is comparatively thicker with a greater percentage of alcohol than the more conventional wines. The Port wine is in fact made thicker through the blend of filtered grape spirit for the fortification purpose. The fermentation process of this type of wine is carefully done to keep the alcohol percentage under control; it is ensured through the process that only the desired amount of sugar is converted into alcohol.
Port Wine is perfect to be served after a meal, making dessert time even sweeter. However, sometimes, Port Wine can be found served with a proper combination of cheese and chocolates.